Central Finance and Treasury

Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General: Whole of Government Accounts 2009-10

The Whole of Government Accounts (WGA) are the very first audited set of accounts showing in one place the financial position of the whole public sector. However, the NAO considers that the picture is incomplete.

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    "The publication of the first audited Whole of Government Accounts is a landmark event, which has substantially furthered the cause of transparency and accountability in public spending.

    "The accounts need to be significantly improved, though, if they are to play a full part in comprehensive and meaningful analysis of the government’s financial position. I am particularly concerned that large organisations which in my view are clearly owned and controlled by the government, have been excluded.

    "The Treasury is working on improvements and I look forward to seeing these."

    Amyas Morse, head of the National Audit Office, 29 November 2011


    The National Audit Office has welcomed the publication by the Treasury of the very first audited set of accounts showing in one document the financial position of the whole public sector. The accounts, the Whole of Government Accounts (WGA), are described as an important milestone for the Treasury in its improvement of the transparency with which the Government manages public finances and its accountability. However, the NAO highlights some limitations in the information provided.

    The WGA constitutes the first and most comprehensive account of what the UK Government spends and earns and what it owns and owes. It is broader than similar accounts published by other countries, for it consolidates the financial positions of central government, the devolved administrations, local government, the health service and public corporations.

    The WGA shows that, in 2009-10, the public sector owned assets to the value of £1.2 trillion and liabilities totaling £2.4 trillion, giving a net liability of £1.2 trillion. The shortfall between operating revenues and expenses (including finance costs) during the year was £165 billion.

    The NAO does, however, highlight important limitations in this first WGA. Among these are that the financial position it presents is some 20 months old, a consequence of the amount of preparation that has to be undertaken. Of particular concern is that the WGA significantly understates the true value of public assets and liabilities by excluding the publicly owned banks, the Bank of England and Network Rail which, in the opinion of the Comptroller and Auditor General, are owned and controlled by government. It also gives limited analysis of spending across the main functions of government, such as defence and education, or on services such as consultancy, which would make the account more useful to the reader.

    The Comptroller and Auditor General has qualified his audit opinion. Among the reasons for his qualification are the exclusion of the government-controlled bodies that, in the C&AG’s view, should have been included to comply with the International Financial Reporting Standards.


    Publication details:

    HC: 1601, 2010-2012

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