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Increasing participation in sport

The NAO has reported that, while adult participation in sport over the three-year period to March 2008 increased by 520,000, the Department for Culture, Media and Sport did not meet its targets to increase participation by priority groups. However, the NAO judges that the new strategy to increase participation in sport adopted since 2008 and the associated funding assessment process for individual sports are positive developments that offer the prospect of improved value for money.

For the three-year period to March 2008, Sport England, the Department’s delivery body for sports participation, spent £660 million to promote sport and physical activity. However, the Department lacked adequate oversight of progress towards its targets and Sport England lacked a focus on increasing participation amongst priority groups by the targeted amount. In consequence, a positive conclusion by the NAO on value for money up to 2008 was not possible.

As part of a new approach, the Department has set Sport England a new target, to be achieved by March 2013, of increasing by one million the number of people aged 16 and above doing three 30 minute sessions of moderate intensity sport a week. One year into the five-year delivery period an additional 115,000 people were participating in sport, against the initial delivery plan forecast of 160,000 additional participants.

Sport England’s new approach has a number of known risks to delivery. It is heavily dependent on a small number of sporting national governing bodies delivering 60 per cent of the increase in participation expected through governing bodies, and on key assumptions about how the activities it funds will lead to more frequent participation. Moreover, it expects the bulk of the additional participants to be delivered towards the end of the four-year target period.

As agreed with the Department, Sport England’s strategy is to invest in a range of sports, rather than focusing on just those that can increase participation at the lowest cost. Funding allocations to individual sports may represent value for money but this is less clear when comparing sports. Sport England does not have criteria against which it can assess the trade-offs involved in funding participation in different sports.

"Getting more people involved in sport is no easy task. In setting the one million by 2013 target, the Department for Culture, Media and Sport has given Sport England a clear objective. The new strategy, funding process for individual sports, and performance management arrangements between the Department and Sport England and between Sport England and its funded bodies are a marked improvement on what went before. "However, there remain risks to Sport England's achieving the one million target. The Department and Sport England also need to do more to demonstrate the value for money of its distribution of funds between different sports."

Amyas Morse, head of the National Audit Office

Notes for Editors

  • The Department had a target to raise participation in cultural and sporting activities by three per cent by people in priority groups - women; people from black and minority ethnic communities; people with a limiting disability; and those in lower socio-economic groups between 2005-06 to 2007-08.
  • Sport England has provisionally committed £480 million to 46 National Governing Bodies of sport between April 2009 and March 2013 and expects around three quarters to be used to sustain and increase participation, with the balance funding the pathways through which talented participants are identified to progress to elite level. Sport England expects National Governing Bodies to deliver up to 700,000 people doing more sport by March 2013. It plans to deliver the remainder of its one million target through a combination of grant funding, partnership working and attracting external investment into sport.
  • Press notices and reports are available from the date of publication on the NAO website, which is at Hard copies can be obtained from The Stationery Office on 0845 702 3474.
  • The Comptroller and Auditor General, Amyas Morse, is the head of the National Audit Office which employs some 900 staff. He and the NAO are totally independent of Government. He certifies the accounts of all Government departments and a wide range of other public sector bodies; and he has statutory authority to report to Parliament on the economy, efficiency and effectiveness with which departments and other bodies have used their resources.

PN: 26/10