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Regulating after EU Exit

After EU Exit, UK regulators became responsible for regulation previously carried out by institutions and agencies of the European Union. The Food Standards Agency (FSA) has taken on greater responsibility for assessing food safety risks; the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) is now responsible for merger reviews and competition enforcement cases that were previously undertaken by the European Commission; and the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is responsible for the regulation of chemicals to protect the health of people and the environment.

This study will examine how the FSA, the CMA and the HSE have responded to the challenges and opportunities of EU Exit. It will evaluate:

  • whether the regulators have updated their long-term strategies to take account of EU Exit; and
  • how the regulators have responded in relation to data and intelligence, regulatory risk assessment and enforcement and international influence.

This builds on the NAO’s past work on effective regulation and the UK’s preparations for EU Exit, including Exiting the EU: Consumer protection, competition and state aid and Principles of effective regulation.