Environment, energy and sustainability

Early contracts for renewable electricity

The Government awarded, without competition, £16.6 billion worth of early contracts to eight renewable generation projects at risk of investment delay.

Wind Turbine

The Department of Energy & Climate Change awarded the early contracts without price competition to avoid an investment gap. In so doing it has brought forward investment decisions by at least five months. The investments supported should contribute towards the UK’s achieving its renewable energy target in 2020, but it is not clear that awarding fewer early contracts would have put the achievement of that target at risk. As the Contracts for Difference regime has the potential to secure better value for consumers through price competition, committing so much of the available funding through early contracts, without competition, has limited the Department’s opportunity to secure better value for money.

Amyas Morse, head of the National Audit Office, 27 June 2014


The National Audit Office is not convinced that the Government sufficiently protected consumers’ interests by awarding without competition £16.6 billion worth of early contracts to eight renewable generation projects at risk of investment delay. This decision may provide higher returns to contractors than needed to secure the investment and also limits the amount of remaining budget subject to competition in later rounds.

In 2013, the Department of Energy & Climate Change launched the Final Investment Decision enabling for Renewables (FIDeR) scheme. This was to prevent unnecessary delays to investment in new renewable generation, while the Department established the Contracts for Difference regime, which will support such projects commissioned from 1 April 2015.

Contracts for Difference offer low-carbon electricity generators an agreed price for the electricity they will generate (known as the ‘strike price’), providing support to the extent that the strike price exceeds the wholesale price for electricity. The Contracts for Difference regime will replace the Renewables Obligation and should offer better value for money mainly by lowering financing costs.

The Department awarded early contracts to develop five off shore wind farms, two coal plant conversions to biomass, and one bio-mass combined heat and power plant. The total cost to consumers of these contracts over their contract lifetime will be £16.6 billion.

Today’s NAO report finds that, by awarding these early contracts, the Department has provided certainty of support to the contractors at least five months earlier than they could have achieved under the full Contract for Difference regime. The early contracts have given the UK’s renewable industry greater confidence in the near term; and have contributed to the transition to the reformed electricity market.

However, the scale of early contracts for renewables, awarded without competition, may have increased costs to consumers. The Department proceeded with the FIDeR scheme to secure continuing investment in new renewable generation, despite acknowledging that competitive pricing might reveal subsequently that its administratively set strike prices in some cases were too high. It is not clear that the full scale of these commitments was needed so soon to meet the UK’s 2020 renewable energy target. The early contracts have committed 58 per cent of the funds available for renewables Contracts for Difference to 2020-21.

The contracts contain provisions that require active management to protect value for money for consumers. Active and effective management of these provisions is essential to ensure contract costs are minimized for consumers.


Publication details:

ISBN: 9781904219255 [Buy a copy]

HC: 172 2014-15

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