Without clearer leadership from Departments there is a risk that the Government’s target to halt the rise in obesity in children under 11 will not be met. This is a key finding of a joint report published today by the Audit Commission, the Healthcare Commission and the National Audit Office. The report investigates the strength and efficiency of that part of the delivery chain that aims to reduce obesity in children between the ages of 5 and 10.
This is the third in a series of reports which examines the effectiveness of the mechanisms to deliver government Public Service Agreement (PSA) targets.
The child obesity PSA target was set in July 2004, but the key ingredients of the delivery plan will not be published until May 2006. Tackling Childhood Obesity–First Steps warns that a lack of timely guidance has meant that the various organisations that will need to work together to deliver the target have been unclear about their roles. Without greater clarity, those further down the delivery chain may be wasting resources on ineffective or inappropriate interventions that fail to target those children most at risk.
The Government has in place a range of preventative programmes, particularly around school sport and children’s nutrition, through which it aims to address child obesity. The Department of Health recently published guidance on measurement of children and plans further advice for health professionals on weight loss and how obese children may best be helped.
The target ‘to halt the increase in obesity among children under the age of 11 by 2010‘ was set in 2004 as a Public Service Agreement in response to a jump in the growth of childhood obesity. The incidence of childhood obesity grew from 9.6% in 1995 to 13.7% in 2003. The target is jointly owned by Department of Health, Department for Culture, Media and Sport, and Department for Education and Skills.
Obesity now costs the NHS around £1 billion a year and the UK economy a further £2.3 billion of indirect costs. If this trend continues, the annual cost to the economy could be £3.6 billion a year by 2010.
The childhood obesity target is far-reaching and complex, requiring significant changes in the lifestyles of many children and their families to improve their diet and to exercise more. This target is tougher to deliver because it requires the coordination of many diverse organisations at regional, local and front line level, who all have a key role to play in tackling child obesity.
The report recommends:
- greater clarity and direction from central Government: it is essential that the three Departments work closely together to provide strong leadership;
- better definition of regional roles and responsibilities: Government Offices for the Regions could play a greater role in bringing together the various elements of the delivery chain;
- strengthening local partnerships: local structures and mechanisms, such as local strategic partnerships and children’s trusts, exist to promote joint working and have the potential to reduce the risk of duplication of activities by bringing together funding around agreed priorities;
- more support for front line staff: better information and training on roles and responsibilities and improved dissemination of advice and guidance.
It will be important to build on progress to date and to act quickly on the report’s recommendations to support the target being met and to reduce the risk to children’s health.